General Environmental Law

Objective of Kuwait Environmental Protection Agency

  • Setting and applying the public policy for protecting the environment as well as the strategies and the work plan for the purpose of achieving continuous development including the scientific, environmental and health standards for man’s survival, industrial and building expansion and exploiting the natural resources in a way that maintains the health of the labor force.
  • Maintaining the well-being of all facilities and the work environment and protecting a balanced environment.
  • Preparing and supervising an integrated work plan including all what is related to environment protection in the short and long terms in coordination with the concerned authorities in the state in view of the environment policies.
  • Supervising activities, procedures and practices that are concerned with protecting environment pollution.
  • Defining pollutants; determining the standards and preparing draft laws, regulations and systems that are concerned with protecting the environment and following up their implementation.
  • Setting the necessary controls that tend to prevent and minimize environment pollution in coordination with the concerned authorities in the state.
  • Preparing and participating in guiding and supporting research and environmental studies while monitoring their results.
  • Determining the problems resulting from environment pollution and environment deterioration with the help of the state authorities that are concerned with the environment in order to study such problems and suggest suitable solutions for them.
  • Studying regional and international agreements that are concerned with the environment and giving opinion in them in coordination with the concerned authorities.
  • Conducting a follow-up in the modern developments in the international law in the field of environment protection.
  • Coordinating the state’s relations with the regional and international organizations that are related to environment affairs.
  • Setting the general framework for the program of environment culture and environment education in order to raise the awareness of the citizens and to urge them to protect the environment.
  • Monitoring and measuring the environment and conducting continuous follow-up for environment awareness.
  • Setting a comprehensive plan for facing environment crises and taking the necessary measures for facing them at the era of war and peace in coordination with the concerned authorities.
  • Setting an integrated training plan for training local candidates on the methods applicable in protecting the environment.
  • Supporting environment services in the community in coordination and cooperation with the concerned authorities.
  • Giving opinion and advice on environmental revenues for basic development projects before stating their implementation.
  • Studying environment reports on environmental conditions; taking the necessary steps and making an annual report on the environmental condition in Kuwait.

Definitions and Goals

Article One: In the implementation of this regulation, the following expressions shall have the meaning set forth below.

  1. The Competent Agency: Meteorology and Environmental protection Administration (MEPA).
  2. The Competent Minister: Minister of Defense and Aviation and Inspector General.
  3. The Public Institution: Any Ministry, Department or Government Establishment.
  4. The Licensing Institution: Any Institution In-charge of licensing projects with potential negative impacts on environment.
  5. The Concerned Institution: The Government Institution In-charge of environment-related projects.
  6. Person: Any private natural or judicial person. This includes private establishments and companies.
  7. The Environment: All that surrounds man such as water, air, land and outer space and all the contents of these milieus such as inanimate objects, flora, fauna, various forms of energy, systems and natural processes and human activities.
  8. Environmental Protection: Preservation of the environment and prevention of its contamination and deterioration.
  9. Environmental pollution: Presence of one or more materials or factors in quantities or quality for periods of time that directly or indirectly lead to harming public health, bio-organisms, natural resources, property or adversely affect quality of life and human welfare.
  10. Environmental Deterioration: The negative impact on environment that changes its general nature or characteristics or the balance among its elements or loss of its beauty and appearance.
  11. Environmental Disaster: An incident which causes damage to the environment and requires greater capabilities to deal with than those required for normal incidents or exceeding the local capabilities.
  12. Source Standards: Maximum allowable limits or percentages of the concentration of various pollutants discharged to the ambient environment. This includes identification of the necessary controlling techniques to comply with these limits.
  13. Environmental Quality: Limits and percentages of concentrations of Standards pollutants that are not allowed to be exceeded in the air, water and land.
  14. Environmental Standards: Both environmental quality and source standards.
  15. Environmental Criteria: The environmental specifications and criteria to control pollution sources.
  16. Projects: Any facilities, installations or activities with potential impact on the environment.
  17. Major Change: Any expansion or change in design or operation of any existing project that might negatively affect the environment. For the purpose of this definition, any equivalent substitution of quality and capacity shall not be deemed a major change.
  18. Environmental Assessment: The study carried out to identify the potential of the project or consequential environmental impacts, the procedures and appropriate methods to prevent or reduce the negative impact and increase or achieve positive outputs of the project on the environment in accordance with the environmental standards in force.

This Law and Its Rules for Implementation are aimed to achieve the following:

  1.  Preserve, protect and develop the environment and safeguard it from pollution.
  2.  Protect public health from activities and acts that harm the environment.
  3.  Conserve and develop natural resources and rationalize their use.
  4. Include environmental planning as an integral part of overall development planning in all industrial, agricultural, architectural and other areas.
  5. Raise awareness of environmental issues and strengthen individual and collective feelings of the sole and collective responsibility for preserving and improving the environment and encourage national voluntary efforts in this area.

The Competent Agency shall be entrusted

with the duties of preserving the environment and preventing its deterioration, which comprise the following:

  1. 1. Review and evaluate the condition of the environment, develop observational means and tools for the collection of information and conduct environmental studies.
  2. Document and publish the environmental information.
  3. Prepare, review, develop, interpret and issue environmental protection standards.
  4. Prepare environmental regulations relevant to its areas of responsibility.
  5. Ensure that public agencies and individuals abide by the environmental regulations, standards and criteria, as well as adopt necessary procedures thereof in coordination and cooperation with the concerned and licensing agencies.
  6. Review the latest developments in the field of the environment and its management at the regional and international levels.
  7. Promote environmental awareness at all levels.

Article Four:

  1. Each public agency must adopt appropriate actions to ensure that the Rules set forth herein are applied on their projects or projects under their supervision or those licensed by the public agency, and ensure commitment to environmental regulations, criteria and standards stated in the General Environmental law and its Rules for Implementation
  2. All public agencies responsible for the issuance of standards, specifications or rules relating to the practical implementation of activities that may impact the environment must coordinate with the Competent Agency before their issuance.

Article Five:

Licensing agencies must verify that the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies for projects that may cause negative effects on the environment are conducted at the project feasibility stage. The agency in charge of implementation of the project shall be responsible for conducting the EIA studies in accordance with the environmental fundamentals and standards specified by the Competent Agency in the Rules for Implementation.

Article six:

The party executing new projects, making major modifications to existing projects, or owning projects whose specified terms of investment have expired must utilize the best possible and most suitable technologies for the local environment and use materials which introduce the lowest possible level of pollution to the environment.

Article Seven:

  1.  Agencies in-charge of education must include environmental concepts in curricula at various stages of education
  2. Agencies in-charge of mass media must sustain environmental awareness in various mass media and support the concept of environmental protection from the Islamic perspective.
  3.  Agencies in-charge of Islamic Affairs, Da’wah and guidance must enhance the role of mosques in encouraging the community to preserve and protect the environment
  4. Concerned agencies must establish appropriate training programs to increase capabilities in the field of preserving and protecting the environment.

Article Eight:

Taking into consideration the General Environmental law and its Rules for Implementation, public agencies and persons shall:
  1. Rationalize the use of natural resources to preserve and prolong the reserve life of non-renewable resources and to develop renewable resources.
  2. Achieve coherence between the bearing capacity of the resources and utilization levels of the various resource categories.
  3. Apply recycling technologies and reuse of resources.
  4. Develop conventional technologies and traditional systems that are coherent with the local and regional environmental conditions.
  5. Promote the technologies associated with traditional building materials.

Article Nine:

  1. In coordination and cooperation with the concerned agencies, the Competent Agency shall develop an environmental disaster management plan based on an inventory of local
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